Thermoregulatory dysfunction is considered to be the least investigated among all the autonomic disorders in Parkinson disease. Pathophysiological mechanisms of this phenomena involve as central, as peripheric parts of nervous system.
Dopamine deficiency in combination with peripheric autonomic dysfunction leads to temperature balance disturbance, which may be expressed by various clinical symptoms. Dopaminergic innervation of preoptic-anterior hypothalamus area plays a crucial role in thermoregulation function of central nervous system.
Current thermoregulatory tests give possibility not only to reveal sudomotor and heat dissipation disorders in patients with Parkinson disease, but also to make differential diagnosis with other neurodegenerative disorders. Early detection and treatment of thermoregulatory dysfunction may improve quality of life in patients with Parkinson disease.